Chronic Kidney Disease causes symptoms and treatment.

Kidney filter waste and extra water from the body, cleaning the blood, regulating blood pressure and producing hormones, as well as cleaning the blood. Often diabetes and / or high blood pressure can cause damage, resulting in renal failure, dialysis and implantation.
So Today, we are going to follow in this article about Chronic kidney disease, that is why there is chronic kidney disease, how chronic kidney diseases happen, what is the cause of chronic kidney disease, and how to avoid chronic kidney disease?
Kidney Disease: Chronic Kidney Disease causes symptoms transplant and treatment.

Table Of Content:

👉 What are kidneys ?

The kidneys are 2 bean-shaped organs which are located on your spinal cord, at the bottom of your spinal cord. A kidney is big as a fist.

The kidneys do many things. They are responsible for filtering the waste and making urine by filtering extra water from the body. 

Kidneys also produce some essential hormones (erythropoietin, renin, and calcitriol) and help in regulating blood pressure by producing life-sustaining chemicals. During 1 day, the kidneys clean 200 quarters of blood.

There are Around one million nephrons in single kidney. These small nephron are parts of the kidney which are cleaned. A nephron has glomerulus, which is a small blood vessel, and a tubal that collects urine.

👉 What is kidney disease ?

The kidney function, also called the kidney function, describes how well the kidneys function. If a person has 2 healthy Kidneys, then it is called 100% Kidney Function. If the kidneys also lose 30% to 40% of the work, then probably no one will pay attention. 

A person can live with only 1 healthy kidney. However, when the function of the kidney comes down to 25%, serious problems develop. 

A person with 10% to 15% of kidney function will need treatment to change the function of the kidney. Treatment options are dialysis, the process of cleansing blood and body, or a kidney transplant.

👉 What is kidney transplant ?

Kidney transplantation involves keeping a healthy kidney in the body where it can execute all those functions which can not be an unsuccessful kidney. 

Kidneys for transplantation come from 2 sources: living donors and dead (non-living) donors. 

Living donors are usually immediate family members or sometimes spouses This is possible because one person can live well with a healthy kidney.

The dead donor kidneys usually come from those who have signed the donor card and made the wish for their kidney before their death. 

To make sure all donors are carefully examined that there is a suitable match and to prevent any transitional diseases or other complications.

👉 What causes kidney disease ?

Kidney diseases occur when nephrons are damaged and can not filter blood. Damage can happen quickly, such as when caused by injury or toxic substances. However, most of the time is in the period of time. 

High blood pressure (diabetes mellitus) and diabetes nephrherence are the two most common causes of consequential types of damage and consequent kidney failure (chronic kidney disease or CKD). CKD is also known as the lack of old kidneys.

👉 What are the symptoms of chronic kidney disease?

In the beginning stages, there are normally no symptoms. As the illness worsens, symptoms may include:

  • Changes in how often you need to urinate.
  • Feeling of exhaustion or drowsiness
  • loss of appetite.
  • Swelling of the hands and feet.
  • Itching feeling
  • Numbness.
  • Feeling nausea or vomiting.
  • muscle cramps.
  • Dark of skin

👉 How is Diagnosis of Kidney Disease?

Often, kidney disorders are discovered through routine testing of blood or urine. According to the National Kidney Foundation, 3 trials are recommended for testing of kidney disease:

  • Measuring blood pressure. (Blood pressure levels are not only a factor due to kidney disease, but it can also indicate the presence of kidney disease.)
  • To test urine for the presence of albumin or other proteins.
  • Measuring Serum Creatinine to Calculate Glomular Filtration Rate (GFR)
In additionally, weigh the stage of urea nitrogen in the blood can also be capable.

If these tests come back with a sign of kidney disease, then your health care provider may order additional testing. 

These may incorporate imaging tests, such as ultrasound, magnetic fullness imaging (MRI), and computerization tomography (CT) scans. 

If the health care provider needs additional information, then he can order a kidney biopsy. 

This process means that needle is used to retrieve the piece of kidney tissue in an operation using local anesthesia.

👉 How is the treatment of chronic kidney disease?

There is no cure for old kidney disease, but steps can be taken to get started in the initial CKD to preserve long-term high-level renal functioning. 

Those who have reduced kidney function should:Visit and Keep Regular Doctor; A nephrologist can be recommended.

  • Keep your blood sugar in control (for diabetes).
  • Avoid taking painkillers and other medicines which can further worsen kidney disease.
  • Keep blood pressure levels in control.
  • Consult a dietician with regard to useful changes in diet. It can be limited to protein, reduce blood cholesterol levels and eat sodium (salt) and potassium intake.
  • not smoke.
  • Treat anemia when present.
Since there is no cure for CKD, people living in later stages of the disease should consider alternatives. Failure of whole kidney, treatment not done, will result in death. 

The options of patients in the end stages of CKD include dialysis and kidney transplantation.

👉 What is dialysis?

Dialysis is a process that uses machines to remove waste from the body when the kidneys are not able to perform this function. There are 2 major types of dialysis.

👉 Hemodialysis

The hemodialysis machine has a dialer to clean waste products, extra water and extra salt blood. Then the blood is returned to the body. 

Hemodialysis is done 3 times a week for 3 to 4 hours a week. It is mainly done at the clinic or hospital, but efforts are being made to implement domestic hemodialysis treatment.

👉 peritoneal dialysis

In peritoneal dialysis, dialysis solution is introduced in the patient's stomach. The solution catches the waste and then is removed through the catheters. 

The fresh solution is added to continue the cleaning process. This type of dialysis can be done by patients themselves. 

There are 2 types of peritoneal dialysis: continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD), in which dialysis solution changes 4 times per day; And continuous cycling peritoneal dialysis (CCPD). 

The latter process uses the machine to automatically fill up, remove the garbage, and refill the fluid during the night.

👉 Who is at risk for chronic kidney disease?

  • People with diabetes
  • People with high blood pressure.
  • People with family history of kidney disease
  • Those people who often use painkillers, which include over-the-counter products such as aspirin and ibuprofen.

👉 Conclusion

Hopefully you have come to know all the facts related to kidney disease in this article. Tell us what you think of this article.

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